Introduction

The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world poorest.

As 2015 approaches questions are growing louder about how far we’ve come, and what we do next. Discussions on the Post-2015 agenda have begun in light of and as a follow up to the UN Secretary General’s report to the 2010 MDG Summit. The "post-2015" agenda has already attracted conferences across the world and an avalanche of reports indicating that donors and development experts are already starting to haggle over the future of aid and development. Some global leaders want to look beyond aid, to unlock wealth through economic growth, trade, tackling corruption, effective government and open societies. It is also argued that it is high time to look for new resources beyond Aid to fight poverty.

The world has profoundly changed since the MDGs were conceived in the 1990s. Despite persistent crises in wealthy economies, we’ve witnessed a seismic shift in the geography of economic growth and potential. It’s now clear that Asian and African economies will continue to grow far faster than in Europe and North America. The boom is far from universal, but nor is it confined to the great 5 emerging economies, -Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, aka BRICS. In the last decade some sub-Saharan African countries have experienced growth rates higher than Brazil and China. Nevertheless, their health, education and incomes lag far behind in many places. Environmental degradation coupled with climate change is jeopardizing sustainability of growth in these countries. Improvement of infrastructure and the business environment are paramount for increasing investment in other sectors to ease impact on land, agriculture and environment. The shift should inform any successor framework for the MDGs.

As a part of these efforts to define the Post-2015 Development Agenda, the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) has developed a proposal to facilitate a post-2015 consultation process in at least 50 countries (Tanzania being among them) in order to stimulate discussion among respective national stakeholders and to solicit input and ideas that will define a vision of the future world “we want” to live in. Therefore, inclusive consultation processes will be undertaken at the national and grass-root levels to stimulate the debate on the future global development agenda and ultimately produce a position paper for Tanzania that will feed into it. Through this process new and emerging issues in the debate will be addressed through an inclusive, balanced, bottom-up and broad dialogue. This process is co-led by the United Nations Tanzania Country Office and the Government of Tanzania through the Ministry of Finance and the President’s Office Planning Commission.